B i t e f on film
22 - 26 Septembar 2008.
THE FAMILY STORY
Muzej Jugoslovenske Kinoteke, Kosovska 11
BITEF on Film Editor: Vera Konjović
"...in the last few days, Chaplin has been in Vienna...but it was too cold for him here, and he left again quickly. He is undoubtedly a great artist; certainly he always portrays one and the same figure; only the weakly poor, helpless, clumsy youngster for whom, however, things turn out well in the end. Now do you think for this role he has to forget about his own ego? On the contrary, he always plays only himself as he was in his dismal youth. He cannot get away from those impressions and humiliations of that past period of his life. He is, so to speak, an exceptionally simple and transparent case. The idea that the achievements of artists are intimately bound up with their childhood memories, impressions, repressions and disappointments, has already brought in much enlightenment and has, for that reason, become very precious to us."
Charlie Chaplin’s family: parents, brothers, marriages, children
Charlie Chaplin barely knew his father Charles Spencer Chaplin, a music-hall singer in London. Charles senior died of alcoholism at the age of 37 in 1901.
Chaplin’s mother Hannah Hill joined the music-hall stage in London in 1885 following her marriage to Chaplin, Sr. Her artistic name was Lily Harley. Before the marriage she gave birth to her son Sydney. Charles Spencer Chaplin, Jr. was born in 1889. They lived comfortably until her relationship with Leo Dryden, another music-hall artist, became public. She had another son with him. After all these events, poverty struck them.
Charles was too young to understand what was happening. Much later he found out that he had a half-brother Wheeler Dryden.
It is not known when and where Hannah contracted syphilis which entailed neurological complication, the degeneration of brain cells and insanity. At 33, she was transferred to Cane Hill Lunatic Asylum. Fortunately, none of Hannah’s sons contracted the disease from her.
BROTHERS, i.e. HALF-BROTHERS
Wheeler Dryden (1892 - 1958), British film actor and director; father of the famous drummer Spencer Dryden.
The father took infant Wheeler away from his sick mother. It was only in the 1920s that he learned from his father who his mother and brothers were. He wanted to establish contact with them but was unable to. Thereupon he wrote a moving letter to Edna Purviance, the actress who appeared in over 30 Chaplin’s films between 1915 and 1923 and asked her to mediate which she did.
Syd Earle Chaplin (1885 – 1965) or Sydney Hill as his name was before Chaplin, Sr. adopted him, was Charlie’s business manager and actor (A Dog’s Life, The Pilgrim, The Galloping Fish etc.). He married twice and had no children. Syd died at the age of 80 on 16 April 1965m on Charlie’s 76th birthday.
MARRIAGES AND CHILDREN
Chaplin married four times between 1918 and 1962. He had eleven children.
Mildred Harris, the first wife, was 16 - and he was 29 - when they married in 1918. Their only son died when three months old. They divorced in 1921.
Lolita MacMurray, artistic name Lita Grey, his second wife, was also 16 when they married in 1924. He was 35. They had two sons – Charles Spencer Chaplin, Jr. and Sydney Earle Chaplin. They divorced in 1927. Both their sons were actors and, like many other members of their family, appeared in Limelight.
Chaplin married his third wife Paulette Goddard secretly onboard a ship in 1933. He was 44 and she 19 years of age. The public learned about the marriage in 1936 and the divorce came in 1942.
Chaplin’s fourth wife with whom he remained for the rest of his life was Oona O’Neill. In 1943, when she married him against the will of her father, the noted playwright Eugene O’Neill, she was 18.
They had eight children: Geraldine Leigh(1944), Michael John (1946), Josephine Hannah (1949), Victoria (1951), mother of the already well-known James and Aurelia Thiérrée, Eugene Anthony (1953), Jane Cecil (1957, Annette Emily (1959) and Christopher James (1962).
čaplinizam - istorija i teorija sistema (download)